Verifying the Chiral Switch of the Pesticide Metolachlor on the Basis of the Enantiomer Composition of Environmental Residues
Keywords:Chiral pesticides, Chiral switch, Enantioselective analysis, Residue analysis, Surface water
AbstractRacemic metolachlor is currently being replaced by S-metolachlor, the herbicide enantiomerically enriched with the biologically active (S)-isomers. This 'chiral switch' is expected to reduce the amount of pesticide released into the environment as well as potential side-effects on non-target organisms. The switch is also expected to result in lower environmental concentrations and in a changed enantiomer/stereoisomer composition of the residues. To verify this switch, the enantiomer composition of metolachlor residues from a lake (Baldeggersee, Switzerland) receiving inputs from agricultural activities was measured from 1997 through 2001. Enantioselective GC-MS analyses indicated that pre-1998 inputs into the lake were from the racemic compound. In contrast, more recent inputs showed a clear excess of (S)-isomers, and eventually (2000/2001) consisted almost entirely of the new S-metolachlor. The data document the application of enantio-selective analysis in environmental studies to apportion the relative contributions of old (racemic) and new (enantioenriched) herbicide on the basis of the enantiomer/stereoisomer composition. The data also show a rapid environmental response to the changed composition of a herbicide. In terms of absolute concentrations no direct evidence could be obtained for the replacement because of year-to-year variations in the inputs likely as a result of intensive rainfall during the application periods.
How to Cite
T. Poiger, M. D. Müller, H.-R. Buser, Chimia 2002, 56, 300, DOI: 10.2533/000942902777680388.
Copyright (c) 2002 Swiss Chemical Society
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.