Ground and Excited State Density Functional Calculations with the Gaussian and Augmented-Plane-Wave Method


  • Marcella Iannuzzi
  • Thomas Chassaing
  • Thomas Wallman
  • Jürg Hutter



Computational chemistry, Condensed systems, Density functional theory, Plane waves


The calculation of the electronic structure of large systems by methods based on density functional theory has recently gained a central role in molecular simulations. However, the extensive study of quantities like excited states and related properties is still out of reach due to high computational costs. We present a new implementation of a hybrid method, the Gaussian and Augmented-Plane-Wave (GAPW) method, where the electronic density is partitioned in hard and soft contributions. The former are local terms naturally expanded in a Gaussian basis, whereas the soft contributions are expanded in plane-waves by using a low energy cutoff, without loss in accuracy, even for all-electron calculations. For the calculation of excitation energies a recently developed, time-dependent density functional response theory (TD-DFRT) technique is joined with the GAPW procedure. We demonstrate the accuracy of the method by comparison with standard quantum chemistry calculations for a set of small molecules. To highlight the performance and efficiency of GAPW we show calculations on systems with several thousands of basis functions.




How to Cite

M. Iannuzzi, T. Chassaing, T. Wallman, J. Hutter, Chimia 2005, 59, 499, DOI: 10.2533/000942905777676164.