Reactors for Catalytic Methanation in the Conversion of Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG)


  • Tilman J. Schildhauer Paul Scherrer Institute CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • Serge M. A. Biollaz



Catalytic fixed bed reactor, Fluidized bed, Methanation, Power-to-gas, Sng


Production of Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) from biomass is an important step to decouple the use of bioenergy from the biomass production with respect to both time and place. While anaerobic digestion of wet biomass is a state-of-the art process, wood gasification to producer gas followed by gas cleaning and methanation has only just entered the demonstration scale. Power-to-Gas applications using biogas from biomass fermentation or producer gas from wood gasification as carbon oxide source are under development. Due to the importance of the (catalytic) methanation step in the production of SNG from dry biomass or within Power-to-Gas applications, the specific challenges of this step and the developed reactor types are discussed in this review.




How to Cite

T. J. Schildhauer, S. M. A. Biollaz, Chimia 2015, 69, 603, DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2015.603.