Design and Application of a Gas Diffusion Electrode (GDE) Cell for Operando and In Situ Studies






Electrocatalysis, Gas diffusion electrode, High current density, Operando studies


Presented here is an electrochemical three-electrode Gas Diffusion Electrode (GDE) cell tailored for operandoand in situ investigations of electrocatalytic processes, with a particular focus on X-ray scattering studies. The optimized cell is engineered to accommodate the minimal sample-detector distances requisite for comprehensive X-ray total scattering investigations. An in-depth understanding of catalytic processes requires their study under ‘working’ conditions. Configured as a flow-cell, the setup therefore enables the examination of electrocatalysts under high current densities and associated gas evolution phenomena, particularly pertinent for reactions like the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Notably, its transparency simplifies cell alignment, troubleshooting, and facilitates scans through the catalyst layer, crucial for background corrections. Demonstrating its versatility, we showcase its utility through Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and X-ray Pair Distribution Function (PDF) analyses of total scattering data.

Funding data




How to Cite

G. K. H. Wiberg, R. K. Pittkowski, S. Punke, O. Aalling-Frederiksen, K. M. Ø. Jensen, M. Arenz, Chimia 2024, 78, 344, DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2024.344.