Hydrogen Storage by Reduction of CO₂ to Synthetic Hydrocarbons


  • Kun Zhao
  • Wen Luo
  • Noris Gallandat
  • Jie Zhang
  • Andreas Züttel Laboratory of Materials for Renewable Energy (LMER), Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering (ISIC), École Polytechnique Feacute;dérale de Lausanne, EPFL Valais/Wallis, Switzerland and Empa Materials Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland






Electrochemical co2 reduction, Hydrogen, Methane synthesis, Renewable energy, Synthetic, Hydrocarbons


The storage of renewable energy is crucial for the substitution of fossil fuels with renewable energy. Hydrogen is the first step in the conversion of electricity from renewable sources to an energy carrier. However, hydrogen is technically and economically challenging to store, but can be converted with CO2 from the atmosphere or oceans to hydrocarbons. The heterogeneously catalyzed gas phase reaction and the electrochemical CO2 reduction are reviewed and the application of a new type of reactor is described. The mechanism of the gas phase CO2 reduction on a heterogeneous catalyst is shown in detail and the function of the supported catalyst is explained. Finally, an economic estimation on the cost of synthetic methane is presented which leads to a cost of 0.3 CHF/kWh in CH4.




How to Cite

K. Zhao, W. Luo, N. Gallandat, J. Zhang, A. Züttel, Chimia 2021, 75, 156, DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2021.156.