Production of a Recombinant Catechol 2,3-Dioxygenase for the Degradation of Micropollutants
FH-HES Universities of Applied Sciences
Keywords:Bioconversion, Catechol, Catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, Enzyme, Micropollutants
AbstractPhenolic compounds such as catechol represent a particular type of micropollutant whose high stability prevents rapid decay and metabolization in the environment. We successfully cloned a catechol 2,3-dioxygenase (C2,3O) from Pseudomonas putida mt-2 and expressed it in Escherichia coli BER2566. The biomass isolated from shake-flask fermentations was used to partially purify the enzyme. The enzyme proved unstable in clarified liquid fractions (50 mM Tris buffer, pH 7.6) and lost more than 90% of its activity over 7 h at 25 °C. In the presence of 10% acetone, the process was slowed down and 30% residual activity was still present after 7 h incubation. Storage of the enzyme in clear liquid fractions also proved difficult and total inactivation was achieved after 2 weeks even when kept frozen at –20 °C. Lowering the storage temperature to –80 °C preserved 30% activity over the same period. Only minor reactivation of the affected enzyme could be achieved after incubation at 20 °C in the presence of FeSO4 and/or ascorbic acid. Activity loss seems to be due mostly to Fe2+ oxidation as well as to subunit dissociation in the tetrameric structure. However, complete degradation of 1.0 mM catechol could be achieved at 20 °C and pH 7.6 over a 3 h period when using a suspension of whole cells or alginate-encapsulated cells for the biotransformation. Contrary to the clear liquid fractions, these forms of biocatalyst showed no significant sign of inactivation under the working conditions.
How to Cite
D. Celesia, I. Salzmann, E. V. Porto, F. Walter, C. Weber, R. Dufresne, S. Crelier, Chimia 2017, 71, 734, DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2017.734.
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